South America - Mesoamerican Civilisations

The South America - Mesoamerican Civilisations

Mesoamericans were the ancient civilisations and Empires of South America which is now divided into 12 independent countries consisting of
Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. The diverse civilizations of ancient Mesoamerica included the Olmec, Toltec, Aztec, Inca and Maya. The following Timeline outlines the periods illustrating the rise and fall of these great empires of South America - The Mesoamerican civilisations.

South America - Mesoamerican Civilisations History Timeline & Facts

The History, Facts & Timeline
The information regarding the ancient Mesoamerican Empires seeks to provide an overview of the great Mesoamerican civilisations - a who's who of these great nations and Empires. For more specific information regarding the individual paths of the Olmec, Toltec, Aztec, Inca and Maya please access the appropriate country from the History Timeline and Events Index.

5000-1200 BC
The ancient Ancestors of the people of South America were believed to have been nomadic Asian hunter-gatherers who crossed over the frozen Bering Strait and into North America. From there they travelled to the lands of South America and were the descendents of the great Mesoamerican civilisations and established corn cultivation, pottery and the use of stone tools

The Olmec - 1200 BC- 300 AD
Who were the Olmecs?
The Olmec were the first true civilisation of South America and were the ancestors of the later cultures
The Maya Empire & Civilisation - 300 - 1500's
Who were the Mayans?
The Mayans empire covered Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador. The Maya developed astronomy and hieroglyphic writing
The Toltec Empire & Civilisation - 900's - 1100's
Who were the Toltecs?
The Toltecs ruled Mexico and Guatemala from the 10th to the 12th century
The Aztec Empire & Civilisation - 1100'S- 1500'S
Who were the Aztecs?
The Aztec rose to power in Mexico during the 12th and 13th centuries and remained in control until the arrival of the Spaniards in the 16th Century
The Inca Empire & Civilisation - 1438 - 1535
Who were the Incas?
The empire of the Incas covered Peru, Bolivia, northern Argentina, Chile, and Ecuador. The amazing rise of the Incas was achieved in less than one hundred years and covered an area of nearly 400,000 square miles
The Spanish Conquistadors - 1535
The later civilisations of South America abruptly ended in 1535 when the Spanish conquistadors seized control

South America - Mesoamerican Empires & Civilisations